「頭の良い人」の属性に関する比較文化的研究--6か国の「頭のよさ」の因子構造比較 [in Japanese] A CROSS-CULTUTAL STUDY OF THE CONCEPT OF "INTELLIGENT PERSON" : Comparative study on the factor structures among six cultures [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this study was to clarify (1) people's concept of intelligence in the following six cultures : Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan, Canada and Mexico ; and (2) the difference between the three following Japanese concepts : 'atamanoyoi', 'rikouna', 'kashikoi', which express "intelligent" in Japanese. The results were as follows : 1)Five-factor solution was found to be valid. They were named "sympathy and sociability", "inter-personal competence", "ability to comprehend and process knowledge", "accurate and quick decision making", and "ability to express oneself" ; 2)The factorstructures of Japan, Korea, China and Taiwan were similar to each other, but dissimilar to those of Canada and Mexico ; 3)The patterns of the correlations among the five factors were rather similar, while the variances of the factors were different between the nations concerned ; 4)The concept of 'kashikoi' was different from that of 'atamanoyoi' in that 'kashikoi' implied sociability together with cognitive ability.
- The Japanese journal of educational psychology.
The Japanese journal of educational psychology. 39(3), p270-278, 1991-09