大学進学における進路決定方略を支える多重制約充足と類推  [in Japanese] Constraint Satisfaction and Analogy Underlying Decision Making Strategies : High School Students Choosing a University  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

我々の進学や就職などの人生の意思決定においては,競合する複数の制約条件を同時に考慮し,理想と現実とのバランスを満たすことが必要である。そこで,本研究では,高校生の進路決定において,意思決定方略はどのような要因とどのような関連をもっているのかを検討することを目的とした。高校3年生359名に「将来の目標」「進学動機」「考慮条件」「類推」「決定方略」についての質問紙調査を実施した。各項目の要因を因子分析によって抽出し,その構成概念を用いて進路決定方略のパスダイアグラムを構成し,高校生がどのように多数存在する考慮条件の制約を充足させ最終的に決定に達するのかの検討を行った。その結果,意思決定方略には,「完全追求方略」「属性効用方略」「絞り込み方略」「満足化方略」の4つの要因があり,4つの要因間の関連は,「熟慮型」と「短慮型」の2つの決定過程があることが示唆された。さらに,「体験談」からの類推については,重視する条件を順番に並べて検討する「属性効用方略」の意思決定方略に影響していることが明らかになった。

When students make a decision about their future career, such as choosing a university or a job, they simultaneously consider multiple conflicting factors and balance the ideal and reality. The purpose of the present research was to examine factors that underlie high school students' decision making and the causal relations among those factors. A questionnaire survey of 359 high school students covered their goals for the future, motives for entering a university, constraints, analogy, and decision-making strategies. Factors for each topic were extracted by factor analysis. Next, in order to examine how high school students deal with constraints, decision-making strategies relating to selection of a university were composed by using a covariance structure model. From those decision-making strategies, 4 factors were extracted : complete strategy, multi-attribute decision making, constraint satisfaction, and goal satisfying. It was suggested that 2 types of decision processes, reflectivity type and impulsivity type, affected the relations among the 4 factors. In addition, analogy from personal experiences and "story" influenced multi-attribute decision making.

Journal

  • The Japanese journal of educational psychology.

    The Japanese journal of educational psychology. 49(4), 409-416, 2001-12

    日本教育心理学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001893240
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00345837
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    00215015
  • NDL Article ID
    6050552
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-182
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  NDL-Digital 
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