高齢ゲートボール愛好者の体力特性  [in Japanese] THE CHARACTER OF PHYSICAL FITNESS IN AGED GATEBALL PLAYERS  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

ゲートボール愛好者(104名)と日頃ほとんど運動を行なっていない高齢者(73名)を対象に、健康・体力に関する意識調査と共に、体力テストを行い次のような結果を得た。1.G愛好者は大多数の者が少なくとも週3日、平均2時間以上ゲートボールを実施しており、アンケート上からは一般高齢者に比べ、自己の体力に自信を持っている傾向がみられた。過去の運動経験については、男性の場合、G愛好者が一般高齢者に比べて運動経験を有するものが多かったが、女性の場合、むしろ一般高齢者の方が運動経験を有する者が多い傾向がみられた。2.年齢段階別にG愛好者と一般高齢者の体力を比較したところ、男性では垂直跳、長座体前屈に、女性においてはタッピングにおいて有意差が認められ、G愛好者の方が一般高齢者に比べよい成績であった。その他の測定項目に関しても、高齢なG愛好者程、体力的に一般高齢者を上回っており、加齢に伴う体力低下の遅延傾向が示唆された。3.女性において両群間に身長差が認められたことは、立位姿勢の違いによるものと判断された。すなわち、一般高齢者の方がG愛好者に比べ、老人性円背が進行しやすいのではないかと推察された。4.年齢と各体力測定項目及び体力総合得点との相関係数から GGGG

The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in physical fitness between aged gateball players (mean age=72.4 yrs.) and people not engaged in exercise (mean age=72.4 yrs.), ranging in age from 59 to 89 years. The sample sizes are as follows;gateball players:male=68, female=36/people not engaged in exercise:male=21, female=52. A total of 11 tests representing each physical fitness domain were selected, considering aged people's physical condition. These tests and the questionnaire on their health and exercise participation were administered to them. A two-way analysis of variance was used to determine the differences of 11 physical fitness elements. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. Aged gateball players are more self-confident about their health and physical fitness than people not engaged in exercise with a similar age. The latter tend to complain about their health conditions more frequently. 2. Male gateball players showed significant higher scores in vertical jump and sit-and-reach tests, and female gateball players in a tapping test, as compared with people not engaged in exercise. Overall, gateball players seemed to be healthier and to possess better physical fitness. 3. Although a significant difference in standing height was found between gateball players and people not engaged in exercise in females, this was considered to depend mainly on the difference of standing posture. 4. From examining correlations between the age and physical fitness elements, gateball exercise seemed to be useful to keep up aged people's health and to prevent their physical fitness from declining.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine 39(4), 262-269, 1990-08-01

    The Japanese Society of Physical Fitness and Sport Medicine

Cited by:  9

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001925127
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00137986
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    0039906X
  • NDL Article ID
    3685121
  • NDL Source Classification
    SC741(運動医学)
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF21(教育--体育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-301
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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