Accumulation of tritium in aquatic organisms through a food chain with three trophic levels.
Accumulation of tritium in aquatic organisms was estimated through a model food chain such as;<BR> tritiated water (THO) → diatoms → brine shrimps → Japanese killifish.<BR> Tritium accumulations in each organism as organic bound form are expressed as the R value which is defined as the ratio of tritium specific activity in lyophilized organisms (μCi/gH) to that in water (μCi/gH). The maximum R values were 0.5 in diatoms, <I>Chaetoceros gracilis</I>, 0.5 in brine shrimps, <I>Artamia salina</I>, and 0.32 in Japanese killifish, <I>Oryzias latipes</I> under the growing condition where tritium accumulation took place from tritiated water without tritiated diets. Brine shrimps and Japanese killifish, which grew from larvae to adult in tritiated sea water with feeding on tritiated diets (model food chain), had the R value at 0.70 and 0.67 respectively, indicating that more tritium accumulation in consumer populations with tritiated diets than those without tritiated diets. In addition, the R values of each organ of Japanese killifish, of DNA and the nucleotides purified rfom brine shrimps growing under the condition with or without our model food chain were measured to estimate the tritium distribution in the body or various components of the organism. These results did not indicate the seeking characteristic of tritium to some specific organs of compounds.
- Journal of Radiation Research
Journal of Radiation Research 22(2), 226-241, 1981
Journal of Radiation Research 編集委員会