欺瞞の非言語手掛り  [in Japanese] Nonverbal Cues of Deception  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

嘘をつくには,隠蔽と偽装のいずれかが試みられる。しかし,それらの行為は,NV行動にあらわれる。その内容が虚言者の意志に反して洩れ出る漏洩の手掛りである場合もあるが,多くは,隠されている情報内容は明示されないものの,欺瞞が行われていることを示す欺瞞の手掛りとして,NV行動に示されるのである。虚偽の陳述と真実を述べる場面が設定され,そうしたNV手掛りが分析された。結果から,欺瞞課題に関連する各NV手掛り,すなわち反応潜時,発言時間,休止時間において,有意差が検出された。対人的手掛りに関しては,スマイルを除いて,うなずき,首ひねり,その他の動作に有意差は見られなかった。また,多少の性差も見られた。The topic of deception has received considerable attention in nonverbal research in recent years.The main purpose of this study is not in the determinants that affect the accurate decoding of deception performancef,but in analyzing the management of various nonverbal behaviors in deception.Subjicts were presented with thirty-six questions(see Table 1)and required to give responses that either represented their actual opinions(honesty)or did not(deception).The ANOVA of response latencies revealed that subjects gave answers with longer response latencies when they lied.Also,there was an increase in length of speech and pauses in deception.As predicted,there was some support for the hypothesis that subjects smile more often when lying than being truthfyl.But,variables such as eye contact,gestures,adaptors,head movements and so forth were unrelated to deception.The results were also partially affected by sex difference variables.Theoretical consideration and systematic programs for future research were discussed.

Journal

  • Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. IV, Education, pshychology, special education and physical culture

    Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. IV, Education, pshychology, special education and physical culture 39(1), 83-92, 1990-09

    Osaka Kyoiku University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110002556904
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00028222
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    03893472
  • NDL Article ID
    3396894
  • NDL Source Classification
    H61;SB0
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-239
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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