東北農村部の小学校高学年児童における生活活動量と栄養素摂取に関する調査  [in Japanese] A SURVEY OF THE ACTIVITY LEVEL AND NUTRITIONAL INTAKES OF 4TH-6TH GRADERS IN AN AGRICULTURAL AREA OF THE TOHOKU DISTRICT  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

The physical activity, daily living pattern, and nutritional intakes were investigated in 32 elementary school pupils in a typical agricultural area of the Tohoku district during a 7-day period including 3 holydays in fall. The percentage of obese children was higher than the national average. After school, the pupils spent the longest time in watching TV, followed by playing outside. Most of them were driven to school and back home, and the mean time of walking to and back from school was 5 minutes. The mean number of steps of daily walking was 12,081 in the males and 11,370 in the females, but it decreased on holidays to about 60% of the number on weekdays. A significant correlation was observed between the activity index and the number of steps of walking, and the numbers of steps that correspond to a relatively low activity level (AI 1.5) and an appropriate activity level (AI 1.7) were estimated to be 13,178 and 21,359, respectively. Their diet was characterized by marked deficiency of iron and calcium, high intakes of meat and sweets, and low intakes of vegetables and fruits. A smaller percent of overweight children practiced sports than normal weight children. These results suggest that it is difficult even for pupils of an agricultural area to be active and eat adequately today. Repetition of surveys is considered to be needed to propose an appropriate activity level and a satisfactory diet for children.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Physiological Anthropology

    Japanese Journal of Physiological Anthropology 10(2), 79-84, 2005

    Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology

References:  34

Cited by:  5

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110002558329
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN1052804X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1342-3215
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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