INTRAARTERIAL DIGITAL SUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY FOR EVALUATION OF INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY GRAFT IN CORONARY BYPASS SURGERY
Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed to evaluate graft patency in 60 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting with the internal mammary artery (IMA). Sixty IMA grafts with 62 distal anastomoses, and 84 sephenous vein grafts with 85 distal anastomoses were evaluated by intraarterial DSA with an image frequency of 4 frames/sec. A No. 4 Fr. angiography catheter was introduced percutaneously into the left brachial artery and contrast medium was injected both into the subclavian artery for specification of the IMA grafts and into the ascending aorta for specification of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts. Bypass grafts were defined as patent when grafts were opacified through their entire course, including anastomotic sites. Fifty-nine IMA grafts with 61 distal anastomoses (98%) and 76 saphenous vein grafts with 77 distal anastomoses (91%) were patent. The overall patency rate for total grafts was 94%. In 4 patients, DSA showed a "string sign" in the IMA graft which was patent but narrowed at its distal segment. In 5 patients, large first intercostal branches were opacified. Intraarterial DSA with the retrograde brachial approach is not difficult, and is an excellent low risk method of evaluating the patency of IMA and saphenous vein grafts. DSA provided information about functional patency as well as anatomical patency of the IMA graft.
- Japanese circulation journal
Japanese circulation journal 53(7), 773-778, 1989-07-20