飼育下アジアゾウに認められたゾウハジラミ寄生と治療について  [in Japanese] The Louse, <i>Haematomyzus elephantis</i> Piaget, 1869, (Mallophaga : Haematomyzidae) Infection of Captive Asian Elephants and its Treatment  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 村田 浩一 MURATA Koichi
    • 日本大学生物資源科学部野生動物学研究室 Department of Wildlife Science, College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University

Abstract

飼育下アジアゾウ(<i>Elephas maximus</i>)3個体の体表にゾウハジラミ(<i>Haematomyzus elephantis</i>)寄生を認めた。感染個体は高度の瘙痒感を示し,室内の壁面や床面に体を擦り付ける行動が見られたが,これによる擦過傷や丘疹の発生は認めなかった。合成ピレスロイド系薬剤の寄生部位への局所投与には効果がなかった。カーバメイト系シャンプー剤による全身洗浄を約2か月間に5〜7回行ったところ著効が認められた。ゾウの検疫にはゾウハジラミ寄生にも注意を払う必要がある。

A louse (<i>Haematomyzus elephantis</i>) infection was found on the epidermis of three Asian elephants (<i>Elephas maximus</i>) in captivity. Although each elephant showed heavy itching sensation with scratching their bodies on the wall or ground in the facility, no bruises or papules on their bodies were observed. The local treatment by dipping on the parasite using a synthetic pyrethroid liquid was not effective. Good expulsion was attained with the treatment with a carbaryl-based shampoo 5 to 7 times during more than two months. It is necessary to inspect for louse infections of imported elephants to zoos at the time of quarantine.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

    Japanese Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 7(2), 145-148, 2002

    Japanese Society of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

References:  6

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110002665416
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11366156
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    1342-6133
  • Data Source
    CJP  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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