Flood Disasters and Preventative Measures in Turkey :

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著者

    • GURER Ibrahim
    • Professor, Gazi University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Civil Engineering

抄録

Due to geographical location, geology, and topography, Turkey undergoes three main types of natural disasters related to gravity flows; floods, landslides, and snow avalanches. Flooding is the second important natural hazard after earthquakes, with 18 floods and 23 deaths per year on the average. A flood inventory of 776 cases was prepared using a simple computer PC program based on Dbase III Plus for easy access to 68 different parameters encompassing the geographical, topographical, hydrological, meteorological, and synoptic characteristics of each flood. By categorization of the available data, spatial and time distributions of past flood events were determined. A food disaster in Izmir, which caused 57 deaths and damaged more than 1000 houses, is presented. Unauthorized settlements on the flood planes of rivers and deforestation were to blame. A disastrous debris flow which killed 74 people in 1996 at Senirkent Isparta, and three recent floods at Sutculer Town of Isparta City; the Kaynasli locale of Bolu, Duzce; and on the Aksu plain of Antalya City on the Mediterranean seacoast also are presented.

Due to geographical location, geology, and topography, Turkey undergoes three main types of natural disasters related to gravity flows; floods, landslides, and snow avalanches. Flooding is the second important natural hazard after earthquakes, with 18 floods and 23 deaths per year on the average. A flood inventory of 776 cases was prepared using a simple computer PC program based on Dbase III Plus for easy access to 68 different parameters encompassing the geographical, topographical, hydrological, meteorological, and synoptic characteristics of each flood. By categorization of the available data, spatial and time distributions of past flood events were determined. A food disaster in Izmir, which caused 57 deaths and damaged more than 1000 houses, is presented. Unauthorized settlements on the flood planes of rivers and deforestation were to blame. A disastrous debris flow which killed 74 people in 1996 at Senirkent Isparta, and three recent floods at Sutculer Town of Isparta City; the Kaynasli locale of Bolu, Duzce; and on the Aksu plain of Antalya City on the Mediterranean seacoast also are presented.

収録刊行物

  • Journal of natural disaster science

    Journal of natural disaster science 20(1), 1-9, 1998

    Japanese Group for the Study of Natural Disaster Science

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110002674236
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10898116
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    03884090
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
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