ロボットの社会的発達と「心の理論」の獲得 Epigenesis of social intelligence and "theory of mind"

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著者

    • 小嶋 秀樹 KOZIMA Hideki
    • 通信総合研究所 けいはんな情報通信融合研究センター Keihanna Human Info-Communication Research Center, CRL

抄録

いまロボットに必要とされているのは,人間の社会的活動にコミットする能力である.社会的活動は,他者との効率的な協調・競争を実現するものであり,他者の行動を予測・制御する能力によって成り立つ.本論文では,この他者行動の予測・制御という視点から,他者の心的状態にアクセスするための「心の理論」を,とくにその発達に焦点をあててモデル化する.この社会的発達モデルは,原初的な共同注意と模倣を出発点とし,他者の行動を間接的に疑似体験することによって社会的な行動パターンを蓄積していく.また,遅延模倣やランダム反応といった自発的行動を,他者(とくに養育者)からのフィードバックに応じて意味づけしていく.このような他者とのインタラクションをとおして,他者が物理的・社会的環境についてもっているモデルを探索し,さらに社会のなかで共有されたプロトコル(ジェスチャ・言語など)を探索していく.この探索活動は,マクロ的には社会的発達であり,ミクロ的にはコミュニケーション(社会的コミットメント)でもある.Commitment to the social activity of human beings is an important requirement for symbiotic robots. Human social activity, which if for and maintained by efficient cooperation and competition with others, is based on the human ability to predict and control others' behavior. In terms of the prediction and control, this paper describes an epigenetic model of "theory of mind" as a device for accessing others' mental states. In this model, infants/robots start their social development from a primordial form of joint attention and physical imitation, then they accumulate patterns of socially meaningful behavior through indirectly experiencing others' behavior. Infants/robots also acquire the social meaning of their spontaneous behavior, such as deferred imitation and operant responses, according to the feedback given by their caregivers. Through this interaction with others, infants/robots explore the models that others have of the physical and social environment; they also explore the communication protocol, like that of gesture and language, shared in the community.

Commitment to the social activity of human beings is an important requirement for symbiotic robots. Human social activity, which is for and maintained by efficient cooperation and competition with others, is based on the human ability to predict and control others' behavior. In terms of the prediction and control, this paper describes an epigenetic model of"thory of mind"as a device for accessing others' mental states. In this model, infants/robots start their social development from a primordial form of joint attention and physical imitation, then they accumulate petterns of socially meaningful behavior through indirectly experiencing others' behavior.Infants/robots also acquire the social meaning of their spontaneous behavior, such as deferred imitation and operant responses, according to the feedback given by their caregivers. Through this interaction with others, infants/robots explore the models that others have of the physical and social environment;they also explore the communication protocol, like that of gesture and language, shared in the community.

収録刊行物

  • 情報処理学会研究報告知能と複雑系(ICS)

    情報処理学会研究報告知能と複雑系(ICS) 2000(96(2000-ICS-122)), 13-18, 2000-10-13

    一般社団法人情報処理学会

参考文献:  11件中 1-11件 を表示

被引用文献:  3件中 1-3件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110002675055
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11135936
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Technical Report
  • ISSN
    09196072
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    5741664
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM13(科学技術--科学技術一般--データ処理・計算機)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z14-1121
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  IPSJ 
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