四日市地域における石油化学コンビナートの再編と地域産業政策(<特集>コンビナート地域の再編と産業創出)  [in Japanese] Restructuring of Petrochemical Complexes in Yokkaichi Region and Policies for Regional Industries(<Special Issue>The Reconstitution of the Industrial Complex Area and The Creation of Industry)  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿では, 四日市地域における石油化学コンビナートの再編動向と地域的影響について概括的に述べた.また, 構造改革特区を契機とする地域産業政策について論じた.コンビナート企業は, 1990年代以降, 厳しい状況に置かれている.最近の動向としては, (1)プラントの廃棄の動き, (2)地域内の他企業グループからの原料の融通, (3)製品の高付加価値化, などの動きがみられた.それにより, 市財政にも深刻な影響を与えていることを指摘した.次に, 四日市地域で認定された技術集積活用型産業再生特区に至る経緯をみると, コンビナートの危機に対して, 企業と行政が一体となった動きを見せたこと, 各種施策の効果がわずかではあるが現れていることを指摘した.その上で, 特区が目指す新しい産業集積の創出に向けた課題として, 他産業の分工場群とのネットワーク形成の困難さがあることに言及した.

This article outlines the restructuring trends in petrochemical complexes in Yokkaichi region and their regional impact. It also discusses the policies for regional industries triggered by the Special District for Structural Reform. Companies in the complexes have been facing a tough situation since the 1990s. Recent trends include : (1) disposal of production facility ; (2) procurement of raw materials from other corporate groups in the region ; and (3) higher value-added products. In addition, the stagnation of companies in the complexes is having a serious financial impact on the Yokkaichi municipal government. The next section focuses on "The Special District for Industrial Revitalization using Integrated Technology", for which efforts are being made in Yokkaichi region. It points out that the companies and the government made concerted efforts in formulating the plan for special district aimed at reviving the complexes, and the effects of various measures relating to the special district have become evident, albeit to a limited extent. However, it is uncertain whether the special district plan will unfold smoothly. This is because even though the special district aims to bring about new industrial agglomeration, the development of networks with other industries might be hindered by the economic structure of the region (i.e., branch-plant economy).

Journal

  • Annals of the Association of Economic Geographers

    Annals of the Association of Economic Geographers 50(4), 310-324, 2004

    The Japan Association of Economic Geography

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110002707585
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00071152
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    0004-5683
  • NDL Article ID
    7275368
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZD1(経済--経済・経済事情)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z3-228
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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