対人環境としてのソーシャル・ネットワークが性役割に関する態度と意見分布の認知に与える影響 [in Japanese] Effect of social network as interpersonal environment on attitude toward and perceived distribution of opinion about gender role [in Japanese]
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A large number of gender studies have pointed out that demographic variables explain people's attitudes and behavior regarding gender roles. There seem to exist, however, social psychological factors which are strong determinants on gender related phenomena. Ikeda (1994) pointed out that interpersonal environment affects individuals' attitudes and behavior. Similarly, Huckfeldt (1986) claimed the existence of a positive effect on individuals' attitudes and behavior that result from casual and impersonal communication with others. These studies implied the importance of individuals' frequently-contact-others as a determinant of the individuals' attitudes and behavior. Present study applied their models to gender studies. The hypotheses were as follows: Perceived distribution of the opinion among the respondents' frequently-contact-others regarding gender role would 1) positively correlate with the respondents' attitudes toward gender roles and 2) positively correlate with the perceived distribution of the opinion regarding gender roles in the society. Using an 800 random sampled survey at Bunkyo ward in Tokyo, the hypotheses were confirmed. These correlation remained significant even when some demographic variables were controlled.
- Japanese Journal of Social Psychology
Japanese Journal of Social Psychology 13(2), 112-121, 1998
The Japanese Society of Social Psychology