The Role of Expressive Sex-Role Orientation in Leadership Orientation of Women : A Facilitating or an Inhibiting Factor The Role of Expressive Sex-Role Orientation in Leadership Orientation of Women : A Facilitating or an Inhibiting Factor
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This study examines whether expressive orientation is an inhibiting factor or facilitating factor for leadership orientation of women, and secondly, it examines associations between personal motives, role model, and leadership orientation in men and women. Japanese undergraduate university students completed a questionnaire which contained scales related to sex-role orientation and other related factors. The main findings show that among high leadership-oriented men, both instrumental and expressive orientation were observed to be high. High leadership-oriented women were more instrumentally oriented than low leadership-oriented women, whereas the two groups did not differ in expressive orientation. This implies that expressive orientation is not an inhibiting factor for leadership orientation. Second, power motive and achievement motive seem to be positive factors for leadership orientation of both men and women. Third, fear of success also positively correlates with the leadership orientation of both men and women. Fourth, gender differences were observed to have an impact on the need for and the use of role model.
- Japanese Journal of Social Psychology
Japanese Journal of Social Psychology 13(2), 122-132, 1998
The Japanese Society of Social Psychology