企業の研究者・技術者の研究成果に対する年齢及びキャリア要因の影響の検討 Study of the influences of age and career factors on research results among enterprise researchers and engineers
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influences of age and career factors on research results among enterprise researchers and engineers. A questionnaire was given to 1067 researchers and engineers in the research and development departments of Japanese pharmaceutical companies. The primary findings obtained were as follows. (1) The research results of enterprise researchers and engineers were devided into the factor regarding quantity of new research (QNR) and the factor regarding quantity of product development (QPD). (2) The QNR increased during period from 20 s to 40 s, and was stable after that. No age differences were found in QPD, however. (3) The QNR was promoted by the possession of a doctorate degree, the number of academic society memberships, the existence of company research reports, studies abroad after employment, relationships with other academic society members, personal contacts unavailable to others, and the number of subordinates. (4) The QPD was promoted by the interaction between people from different industries, the number of subordinates, studies abroad before employment, and changes in one's professional field, while a QPD restictive affect was observed in the number of academic society memberships. (5) Some gender-based differences in the influence of these variables was found, however.
社会心理学研究 15(1), 13-21, 1999