平均点以上効果が示すものは何か : 評定対象の獲得容易性の効果 What is indicated by the above-average effect? Effects of ease/difficulty of acquiring traits or abilities to be judged

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

Kruger (1999) has shown that the above-average effect occurs because people cannot take into account of other peoples' abilities, and instead they rely on their own abilities when they evaluate themselves relative to others. Kruger also has shown that the below-average effect appears when the absolute level of 9 person's abilities is low. Two studies were conducted to examine whether the same mechanism can apply to : (1) trait judgments ; (2) negative traits ; and (3) Japanese participants. The results revealed that the occurrence of above or below average effects were basically dependent on the relative ease or difficulty of possessing (or not possessing) each trait. In addition, various types of measurements were employed and compared in these studies. Results of correlations with self-esteem revealed that : (1) comparing oneself with the average person, and comparing the average person with oneself taps into different constructs when direct comparisons were made ; and (2) asking about oneself or the average person first, made substantial differences in the results when indirect comparisons were made.

収録刊行物

  • 社会心理学研究

    社会心理学研究 19(3), 195-208, 2004

    日本社会心理学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110002785395
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10049127
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0916-1503
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6898140
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z6-2798
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ