日本人の自己卑下と自己高揚に関する実験研究 An experimental study of self-effacement and self-enhancement among the Japanese

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This study investigated the cognitive basis of self-effacing behavior among the Japanese. Based on the premises that self-effacement among the Japanese is a form of "default self-presentation," we predicted that Japanese self-effacement will dissipate when actual self-evaluation is required. The experiment (n = 110) consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, participants took a "cognitive ability test" that consisted of 20 questions. In Phase 2, they were asked to judge if their performance on the test was above or below the average performance level in their school. In the bonus condition, participants were rewarded for making a correct judgment in their performance. In the fixed-reward condition, no reward was provided for making a correct judgment. The results from experiments 1 and 2, taken together, indicate that self-effacement observed in the fixed-reward condition was not confirmed in the bonus condition. These results suggest that self-effacement among the Japanese is a strategy for self-presentation, which they switch on and off depending on the situation.

収録刊行物

  • 社会心理学研究

    社会心理学研究 20(1), 17-25, 2004

    日本社会心理学会

被引用文献:  2件中 1-2件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110002785422
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10049127
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    雑誌論文
  • ISSN
    0916-1503
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7040502
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z6-2798
  • データ提供元
    CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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