軍事救護法の成立と議会 : 大正前期社会政策史の一齣 The Contribution of the House of Representatives to the Completion of the Soldiers' and their Families' Relief Act in 1917
This paper aims to make an investigation as to what was the main body that completed the Soldieers' and their Families' Relief Act in 1917. In 1995 Mr. Jun Gunshi made public a leading treatise on this issue, when there had been no researches in this field before. It seems, however, that his writing was wrong in two points. First, Mr. Gunshi made a fundamental misunderstanding about the Act. He argued thet the aim of the Act was diverted under the direction of the army so as to mainly relieve the familes of the soldiers in service, while it originally aimed to relieve the soldiers who were wounded and retired as well as the bereaved families. But in the writer's reconsideration of the Act no change of the aim was found. Second, his conclusion raised a doubt as to the army's leading role for the completion of the Act. The re-examination tells that in reality the House of Representatives was tha main body to lay down the Act and pass it. Then the government and the army were both negatibe in making the law in the early stage, but later they finally went into action at the repeated requests of the House of Representatives. In conclusion, it was the House of Representatives that made the greatest contribution of the completion of the Act in discussion.
法政論叢 35(2), 135-151, 1999