出産後6ヶ月までの母親の身体活動と自覚疲労の推移  [in Japanese] Change of Physical Activity and Fatigue during The 6 Months Postpartum Period  [in Japanese]

Author(s)

Abstract

本研究の目的は,出産後6ヵ月までの初・経産婦別の育児負担を明らかにすることである。対象は正常な新生児を出産した初・経産婦各5人で,生活習慣記録機ライフコーダによる身体活動(歩数,総消費量,運動量,活動時間分布),産業疲労研究会選定「自覚症状調査30項目」,自己申告による睡眠時間を縦断的に調査し分析した。その結果,平均歩数は初産婦4,718歩,経産婦6,431歩で出産後2ヵ月に有意差を認めた(p<.05)。平均総消費量は,初産婦1,739kcal, 経産婦1,804kcalであった。活動時間分布では,初産婦は強度0,経産婦はゆっくり歩行が主で,出産後1・2・4・6ヵ月時には有意差があった(p<.05)。平均睡眠時間は,初産婦5.9時間,経産婦5.6時間とほとんど差がなかった。しかし,疲労自覚症状の訴え数の平均は,初産婦8.2項目,経産婦5.9項目と初産婦が多く,出産後3ヵ月には有意差があった(p<.05)。以上から,初産婦の育児負担の特徴は不慣れな育児に伴う疲労感の蓄積であり,経産婦はゆっくり歩行を中心とした身体活動の多さであると考えられ,この特徴を考慮した育児支援を行うことが少子化対策につながるのではないかと考えられた。

This paper investigates the infantcare load of mothers in the six months postpartum period with focus on their physical activities and the symptoms of fatigue. The data on the physicalactivities of the mothers have been collected using the Lifecorder, the questionnaire of the symptoms of fatigue, and the information on the hours of sleep. Five primiparae and five multiparae participated as the subjects. The data shows that the primiparae walked 4,718 steps on average per day, 1,739 kcal energy expenditure, 5.9 hours of sleep, and 8.2 points of the symptoms of fatigue. Where as the multiparae walked 6,431 steps, 1,804 kcal, 5.6 hours of sleep, and 5.9 points of the symptoms of fatigue. The average physical activity of primiparae was zero level though it was the slow-walking level for multiparae in the degree of the Lifecorder. We found the several significant differences between primiparae and multiparae, including the walking pace in their physical activities and the physical activity level in two months postpartum, the activity level in the one/two/four/six months postpartum periods, and the frequency of the symptoms of fatigue in the three months postpartum. The infantcare load of mothers in the six months postpartum period is therefore characterized by the symptoms of fatigue for primiparae and by the physical activities for multiparae.

Journal

  • Japanese journal of maternal health.

    Japanese journal of maternal health. 45(2), 260-268, 2004-07-01

    Japan Society of Maternal Health

References:  15

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110002910546
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0022863X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    03881512
  • NDL Article ID
    7014887
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS38(科学技術--医学--産婦人科学) // ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-1016
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS 
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