全国自治体による激震被災地への支援のあり方 : (1)阪神淡路大震災における実態調査と要因分析 Helping Activities by Local Governments to Earthquake Damaged Areas : (1)Post-Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Nation-wide Questionnaire Survey on Factors Determining Municipalities' Helping Activities

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In Japan, emergency response has been based on the assumption of self-reliant activities by the local governments of damaged areas with few coordinated activities from other local governments or agencies. However, the catastrophic experience of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake has taught us that municipality based self-reliant activities alone are not effective and that coordination among local governments is of paramount importance. In order to clarify local government helping activities, aid data were collected via questionnaires distributed to 3,238 municipalities, excluding those 10 cities and towns in Hyogo Prefecture in which the Disaster Relief Law has already been adopted. The findings indicate that helping activities by local governments can be divided into four types and are systematically influenced by various factors such as time frame and regional characteristics. The types and levels of helping activities were related to: a) the population size of the supporting municipality, b) the existence of a mutual aid agreement, c) the distance from the damaged area. These results emphasize the importance of recognizing the human and material resources of local governments, the prudence of viewing the whole country as one unit based on a mutual aid agreement, and the necessity for the development of a helping activities system.

In Japan, emergency response has been based on the assumption of self-reliant activities by the local governments of damaged areas with few coordinated activities from other local governments or agencies. However, the catastrophic experience of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake has taught us that municipality based self-reliant activities alone are not effective and that coordination among local governments is of paramount importance. In order to clarify local government helping activities, aid data were collected via questionnaires distributed to 3,238 municipalities, excluding those 10 cities and towns in Hyogo Prefecture in which the Disaster Relief Law has already been adopted. The findings indicate that helping activities by local governments can be divided into four types and are systematically influenced by various factors such as time frame and regional characteristics. The types and levels of helping activities were related to: a) the population size of the supporting municipality, b) the existence of a mutual aid agreement, c) the distance from the damaged area. These results emphasize the importance of recognizing the human and material resources of local governments, the prudence of viewing the whole country as one unit based on a mutual aid agreement, and the necessity for the development of a helping activities system.

収録刊行物

  • 自然災害科学

    自然災害科学 23(1), 65-77, 2004

    自然災害科学会

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  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110002912441
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10165274
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    02866021
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7005199
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM2(科学技術--科学技術一般--大学・研究所・学会紀要)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z14-923
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
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