治水費用賦課からみた水害予防組合の解体過程 : 神奈川県鶴見川水害予防組合を例として A Geographical Study on the Dissolving Process of the Flood Prevention Cooperative by Analyzing Its Flood Prevention Imposition System--The Case of the Tsurumi River Flood Prevention Cooperative in Kanagawa Prefecture

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著者

抄録

筆者は治水費用賦課の観点から,水害常習地域における水害予防組合の解体する過程を明らかにしようとした。事例として鶴見川水害予防組合において,治水費用の分析・考察を行った。その結果,次の諸点が明らかになった。(1)主として流域内の水害危険度の差異による多種類の賦課金が河川改修の進展によって,一律の賦課となった。(2)流域内の都市化に伴い,住民の防災意識が変化して,特に1965(昭和40)年以降組合費の納入状況が悪化した。そのため歳入面では地方公共団体からの補助金への依存率が高まった。(3)歳出面では,都市化に伴う水害の増加により,管理費が減少し,警備費と積立金が増加した。したがって鶴見川水書予防組合は,都市化,河川改修,住民の防災意識の変化を要因として解散し,地方公共団体の費用で運営される水害予防協会に変化した。

The writer investigated the dissolving process of a flood prevention cooperative in frequently inundated area from the viewpoint of flood prevention imposition system. The author took the case of the Tsurumi River Flood Prevention Cooperative. She analyzed and considered its flood prevention expense. The consequences are as follows: 1. In the imposition system, the dues were collected from many objects which were classified into three ranks according to their flood risk. However the objects were integrated into two kinds and the rate became uniform, because flood risk dwindled on account of river improvement works. 2. Many people migrated to the river basin considered the dues of the cooperative as the dual payment of tax and most of them did not pay the dues. Since the due payer became less year by year especially after 1965, revenue of the cooperative became to depend highly on subsidies from local governments. 3. Major expenditure of the cooperative changed from managing cost to guarding expenses and reserve funds, because urbanization caused the increase in floods. Consequently the cooperative became unable to maintain itself financially and was dissolved. It was reorganized as "the Flood Prevention Association" run by subsidy from the municipality. The factors behind these phenomena were rapid urbanization, river improvement works and change of dwellers sense on flood prevention.

収録刊行物

  • 地理科学

    地理科学 44(1), 1-16, 1989

    地理科学学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110002960145
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00147775
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • ISSN
    02864886
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    2919591
  • NDL 刊行物分類
    E69(災害)
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-5
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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