デンマークにおける施設から高齢者住宅への変遷--「できるだけ長く自宅で」から「早めの引っ越し」への政策転換を中心に [in Japanese] The Development of Elderly Housing in Denmark : Focusing on the change of elderly policy from 'as long as possible in your own home' to 'moving in time' [in Japanese]
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In 1987, Denmark, the country famous for belonging to the Nordic welfare model, stopped building new nursing homes known as 'Plejehjem' and started building normal elderly dwellings called 'AEldrebolig' to herald the worldwide movement of deinstitutionalization. Some researchers regard this deinstitutionalization as a separation between the dwelling-function and care-function. The purpose of this article is to clarify the change of elderly policy concerning deinstitutionalization in Denmark through research from the historical point of view and with related incidents. To accomplish this purpose, I will shed light on three aspects, 1) the characteristic features and the universal features of deinstitutionalization in Denmark 2) the constitutional factors which enabled the achievement to the drastic measures, to devide the dwelling-function and care-function, and 3) the latest trend in elderly housing and elderly attitudes toward woving to the new dwellings. I believe that this will give us useful concepts, and practical ideas that will guide Japanese elderly welfare in the new stage indicated by the report, 'The Elderly Care in 2015', released from Japanese Ministery of HWL.
- Kwansei Gakuin Sociology Department studies
Kwansei Gakuin Sociology Department studies (97), 83-96, 2004
Kwansei Gakuin University