生物進化と古生態 Organic Evolution and Paleoecology
The theory of organic evolution has been kept under the strong influence of paleontological findings during the late nineteen and early twenty centuries. In regard to the progressive evolution of species, the Lamarckian theory of evolution should be considered in the light of modern biology, as it cannot be replaced merely by the selection-theory of Darwin, for the latter is only applicable for an explanation of the mechanism of specific divergences. Advancement of organic structures is not a matter of that intimately associated with divergences: it belongs to the phenomenon of "aromorphosis" of A. N. SEVERTSOV, resulted through the process of adaptation as a whole inconnection with the historical change of the inorganic and organic environments. In the upper half of Table 1 the findings of neontological and paleontological facts are arranged to show their correspondences. The contributions of ecological studies after Darwin, however, were not necessarily concomitant with the evolutionary theories. As shown in the lower half of the Table, the analysis of community that have been carried out after Darwin paid little attention to the problem of species. The present study refers frequently to Orlov (1962, "Fundamentals of Paleontology″) which gives adequate accounts on the history of the development of paleontology in association with the theory of evolution.
地質学論集 (3), 5-14, 1968