テキストへの下線ひき行為が内容把握に及ぼす影響  [in Japanese] Effectiveness of Underlining the Texts on Readers' Comprehension  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

テキストを読みながら学習者が自発的に下線をひく行為が文章理解に及ぼす影響について,文章の難易度と読解時間という2要因に着目し,テキストに予めつけておいた下線強調との比較という点から実験的に検討した.自分で下線をひくことのできるアンダーライン群,キーワードなどを下線で強調したテキストを与えられるプロンプト群,統制群の3群に被験者を分け,テキスト読解の後に自由記述形式の再生テストを行った.その結果,テキストの下線強調は文章の難易度や読解時間の長さに関わらず,強調部分の再生を高める効果を持つことが示された.一方,学習者の下線ひき行為が有効であるのは,難解なテキストの読解において十分な読解時間を与えられた時に限定された.また,テキストにつけられた下線,自分でひいた下線ともに下線部以外の再生は促進しないということ,下線の有無に関わらずテキスト中の重要な概念ほど再生されやすいということも明らかになった.

This study investigated the effectiveness of underlining while reading in readers' understanding of textual information.We researched from the two points, which were difficulties of texts and length of reading time.Subjects were assigned to three groups as follows: (1) Underlining group; they were instructed to read the text and they could underline the text wherever they wanted, (2) Prompting group; they were instructed to read the prompted text but they could't underline themselves, and (3) Control group; they were instructed to read the text which had no line and they couldn't underline themselves.The results showed that the prompting improved the subjects' recall of the underlined imformation regardless of the texts' difficulties or the length of reading time.Underlining,however,was effective only when the texts were difficult and subjects were given enough reading time.Besides that, important imformation such as key words was apt to be recalled even if there was not underlined.

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 26(4), 349-359, 2003

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

References:  14

Cited by:  20

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110003026471
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00368220
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    0385-5236
  • NDL Article ID
    6606040
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top