前立腺癌患者の身体・精神・社会面に対する病名告知の影響  [in Japanese] THE PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF TELLING PROSTATE CANCER PATIENTS THE TRUE DIAGNOSIS  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

(背景と目的) 癌告知の是非について様々な論議がなされているが, 現在でも, その原則は確立されてはいない. そこで今回は, 前立腺癌患者のQOLに対する癌告知の影響について検討した.<br>(対象と方法) 前立腺癌の外来通院患者を対象に, GHQとI-PSSを用いて, QOLの構成因子である身体・精神・社会的側面を測定し, GLMにより, [うつ状態] [不安と不眠] [社会的活動障害] のそれぞれに対する寄与要因を探索し, 告知の効果の影響を検討した.<br>(結果) 告知の有無で比較したとき, 全変数とも有意差は認められなかったが,「うつ状態」「I-PSS」「身体的症状」の3変数間の相関構造が, 告知あり群と告知なし群で大きく異なった. さらにGLMの結果,「うつ状態」に対して「身体的症状」「I-PSS」「臨床病期」が主効果として寄与し,「告知の効果」と「身体的症状」の交互作用が認められた.<br>(結論) 前立腺癌患者は, 身体状態が良いときは, 病名告知に関わらず精神的に安定しているが, 身体的な自覚症状が強くなると, 告知されていない群の方が抑うつ傾向を示す可能性が高い. 一方, 病名を告知された前立腺癌患者群では, この傾向は比較的弱いことが示唆された. これは病名を告知されている群は, 患者自身が自覚的な身体症状の変化を理解でき, そのために精神的安定が保たれているのではないかと推察される.

(Background) Telling cancer patients the true diagnosis is inevitable to acquire informed consent especially in the Western world. In Japan, however, no such consensus has been established yet. We investigated the influence of telling the true diagnosis on QOL of prostate cancer patients.<br>(Methods) We measured physical, mental and social aspect of prostate cancer outpatients by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and the international Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS). Using the general linear models we tried to explore which variables would attribute to “severe depression”, “anxiety and insomnia” and “social dysfunction”.<br>(Results) No significant differences were found in any of the eight variables (age, performance status, clinical stage, I-PSS and Goldberg's four factors of GHQ) among the two groups that were informed the true diagnosis or not. The correlation structures of “severe depression”, “somatic symptoms” and I-PSS are significantly different in the two groups. As a result of the analysis by the GLM, “somatic symptoms”, I-PSS and clinical stages had main effect on “severe depression”. Also, there was an interaction between the effect of telling the true diagnosis and “somatic symptoms”.<br>(Conclusion) These results suggest that the mental condition of prostate cancer patients remain stable when they are in good physical condition regardless of being informed the true diagnosis or not. However, the patients who weren't told the true diagnosis have a tendency to get depression accompanying deterioration of physical condition. It is therefore considered that telling the true diagnosis makes the patients understand the changes of their physical conditions and help their mind to be stable.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Urology

    The Japanese Journal of Urology 88(8), 752-761, 1997-08-20

    The Japanese Urological Association

References:  11

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110003088991
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00196577
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215287
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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