子ども期の食事がその後の味覚感受性や性格特性に及ぼす影響 Effect of Childhood Diet on the Taste Sensitivity and Personality in Later Life

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A survey of the effect childhood diet on the taste sensitivity and personality in later life was conducted on college students from 18 to 20 years of age (93 females). The sensitivity toward sweet, sour, salty, bitter and umami tastes was measured by using aqueous solutions. The students recalled the tastes and nutritional balance from childhood when preparing daily meals. Dishes such as Hamburg steak, curry and rice, and nimono were eaten, together with snacks, cakes and sweet rolls by most of the 93 subjects during childhood. Most of the subjects recalled eating tasty and enjoyable meals around the family dinner table, and that their mothers prepared everything from scratch. A few of the students recalled eating meals alone and having a lot of fast food. Taste sensitivity tests with aqueous solutions showed that the subjects could perceive 0.1-0.6% of sucrose, 0.01-0.05% of citric acid, 0.01-0.06% of sodium chloride, 1.0×10^lt-9gt-1.0×10^lt-4gt% of quinine, and 0.005-0.035% of MSG. Little difference was found between the diet in childhood and the subsequent taste sensitivity. There was, however, a significant correlation between the diet in childhood and 8 of the 12 personality traits. A balanced diet in childhood had a good effect on personality (i.e., absence of depression, an active demeanor and social extravesion). We conclude that a good diet during childhood had little influence on taste sensitivity in later life, while it had a positive influence on personality development.

収録刊行物

  • 日本家政学会誌 = Journal of home economics of Japan

    日本家政学会誌 = Journal of home economics of Japan 48(7), 621-631, 1997-07

    日本家政学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110003168408
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10040097
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09135227
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4254381
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZE16(社会・労働--家事・家政--学術誌)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z6-113
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  NDL-Digital 
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