潮境とその類義語の語義変遷の歴史 History of Change in Meanings of a Term "Shio-Zakai" (Oceanic Front) and its Synonyms

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

抄録

江戸時代中期の瀬戸内海では「潮汐界」(シヲサカヒ) は, その両側で上げ潮時の潮流が逆向きとなる潮汐の境界を意味していた (森 幸安, 1754)。内海舟運で行われた潮待などの実際面で「潮汐界」の情報が役立ったため, この語が使われたのだろう。北原 (1912, 1921) は「潮合(線)」を寒暖二流 (実は二水塊) の境界という意味で使っていた。「潮境」を浮遊物の集積する海流収斂線や異色水塊の境界という意味で, 最初に使ったのは宇田 (1931) である。しかし宇田が傾倒してやまない北原が使った「潮合(線)」の代わりに「潮境」を使い始めた動機は謎である。もしかすると, すでに「潮境」が外海漁業者の間で広く使われていたという経緯も考えられる。「潮合(線)」も「潮境」も海軍水路部の重松や岸人らでは使われず, 水産試験機関の北原や宇田らに限って使われたことは,「潮合(線)」「潮境」の情報が水産試験研究の実際面で役立ったためだろう。A term "Shiwo-Sakahi" (潮汐界), used in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan in the middle Edo Period (Mori, 1754), is interpreted to mean a boundary zone, on both sides of which the current direction from the low tide to the high tide becomes opposite. This term must have spread, because such information on tidal currents was useful for the practical aspect, related to the waiting in port until the tidal current shifts to a favorable direction. Kitahara (1912, 1921) used terms "Shio-Ai" (潮合) and "Shio^Ai-Sen" (潮合線) to mean a boundary between warm and cold currents, but actually warm and cold water-masses. While Nagatsuka (1906) used a term "Shio-Me" (潮目, current-rip) to mean a boundary between cold river water and warm seawater in his traditional Japanese poem, Uda (1929a) used this term to mean a line of accumulation of drifting matter accompanied by a thermal front in his scientific report. Uda (1931) also used a term "Shio-Zakai" (潮境) for the first time to mean a line of current convergence or a boundary between two water-masses with different colors. However, the motive for Uda, an ardent admirer of Kitahara, to have started using "Shio-Zakai" instead of "Shio-Ai-Sen" used by Kitahara, is still mysterious. Possibly "Shio-Zakai" might have already spread among fishermen in open seas. The terms "Shio-Ai" and "Shio-Zakai" were not used by Shigematsu and Kishindo of the Hydrographic Office, Japanese navy, but were used by Kitahara and Uda of fisheries experimental organizations. This is probably because these terms were useful for the practical aspect of the fisheries oceanography.

収録刊行物

  • 海の研究 = Umi no Kenkyu (Oceanography in Japan)

    海の研究 = Umi no Kenkyu (Oceanography in Japan) 10(4), 351-359, 2001-07-05

    日本海洋学会

参考文献:  12件中 1-12件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110003351862
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10382760
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    21863105
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    5827282
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM44(科学技術--地球科学--海洋・陸水・火山)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z15-778
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
ページトップへ