Bidirectional Eye Contact for Human-Robot Communication

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Author(s)

    • MIYAUCHI Dai
    • Department of Information and Computer Sciences, Saitama University
    • NAKAMURA Akio
    • Department of Machinery System Engineering, Tokyo Denki University
    • KUNO Yoshinori
    • Department of Information and Computer Sciences, Saitama University

Abstract

Eye contact is an effective means of controlling human communication, such as in starting communication. It seems that we can make eye contact if we simply look at each other. However, this alone does not establish eye contact. Both parties also need to be aware of being watched by the other. We propose a method of bidirectional eye contact satisfying these conditions for human-robot communication. When a human wants to start communication with a robot, he/she watches the robot. If it finds a human looking at it, the robot turns to him/her, changing its facial expressions to let him/her know its awareness of his/her gaze. When the robot wants to initiate communication with a particular person, it moves its body and face toward him/her and changes its facial expressions to make the person notice its gaze. We show several experimental results to prove the effectiveness of this method. Moreover, we present a robot that can recognize hand gestures after making eye contact with the human to show the usefulness of eye contact as a means of controlling communication.

Journal

  • IEICE transactions on information and systems, D

    IEICE transactions on information and systems, D 88(11), 2509-2516, 2005-11-01

    The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers

References:  13

Cited by:  8

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110003501995
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10826272
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09168532
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS 
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