Examination of the Mechanism of Oleic Acid-Induced Percutaneous Penetration Enhancement : an Ultrastructural Study

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Author(s)

Abstract

The epidermal permeability barrier appears to be regulated primarily by the lamellar arrangement of lipid bilayers between coneocytes of the stratum corneum and presents a significant barrier to the transdermal delivery of drugs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of oleic acid on the ultrastructure of stratum corneum lipids in rat skin. Wistar rats were treated topically with 10% oleic acid/propylene glycol for 2 h, the structure of stratum corneum was examined by electron microscopy using osmium tetroxide or ruthenium tetroxide postfixation, and the epidermal barrier function was evaluated in a lanthanum tracer study. Ultrastructural examination revealed that there was a marked alteration in the stratum corneum and the tracer penetrated into the intercellular spaces of the stratum corneum after application of oleic acid. These results suggest that ruthenium tetroxide postfixation is a powerful tool for the study of the stratum corneum lipid structure. Oleic acid might increase the epidermal permeability through a mechanism involving the perturbation of stratum corneum lipid bilayers and lacunae formation to enhance transdermal drug delivery.

Journal

  • Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin

    Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 26(1), 66-68, 2003-01-01

    The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

References:  16

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110003608291
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10885497
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09186158
  • NDL Article ID
    6393741
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-V41
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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