Stereoselective Reduction of Acetohexamide in Cytosol of Rabbit Liver
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The stereoselective reduction of acetohexamide, an oral antidiabetic drug, was studied by using the cytosol of rabbit liver. A major metabolite of acetohexamide was isolated in 41.5% yield from the enzyme reaction mixture, and identified as (-)-hydroxyhexamide by techniques including the melting point, thin-layer chromatography, infrared spectrometry and optical rotation. The enantiomeric purity of (-)-hydroxyhexamide was determined on the basis of the proton nuclear magnetic resonance (400 MHz) spectrum of ester (diastereomer) derived by the reaction of (-)-hydroxyhexamide with (R)-(+)-α-methoxy-α-trifluoromethylphenylacetyl chloride. The (-)-hydroxyhexamide isolated from the enzyme reaction mixture was almost 100% in that enantiomeric form. The metabolic reduction of acetohexamide in the cytosol of rabbit liver appeared to be catalyzed by some enzymes with the same stereoselectivity.
- J. Pharmacobio-Dyn.
J. Pharmacobio-Dyn. 12, 731-735, 1989
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan