State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI)の統計学的検査項目減数化によるスクリーニングテスト  [in Japanese] Screening Test by Statistically Reducing the Number of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI)Items  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI)の統計学的検査項目減数化によるスクリーニングテスト:小泉直子ほか.兵庫医科大学公衆衛生学-本研究の目的は, 定期健診で身体的健診と平行して簡便に行い得る精神面の健診方法を見つけ出すことである.阪神淡路大震災の復興事業に携わる建設業の男性労働者264名を対象に, 定期健診時に行われたSTAIの状態不安(A-State)20項目, 特性不安(A-Trait)20項目, 計40項目の検査データとSDS検査データを基に重回帰分析を行い, 簡易スクリーニングテストとして活用しうる5項目を抽出した.この5項目の総得点に対する説明率は, 状態不安90.0%, 特性不安88.5%であり, 推計値と実測値の相関は, 状態不安r=0.949(p<0.01), 特性不安r=0.940(p<0.01)であった.また, この5項目の構成概念妥当性および信頼性についてもそれぞれ一定の評価が得られたことより, 対象者の精神健康の概要を把握するための簡易検査法として有用であり, 事業所におけるメンタルヘルス対策に活用しうると考えられる.

The purpose of the study is to find a method of mental examination which can be simply performed concurrently with physical examination during a regular check-up.On a regular check-up, the state-trait anxiety inventor (STAI) was administered to 264 construction workmen engaged in reconstruction work for the Hanshin Awaji Great Earthquake.Date on a total of 40 STAI items, i.e., 20state anxiety(A-State)items and 20 trait anxiety (A-Trait)items were subjected to multiple regression analysis and five items were extracted from A-State and five from A-Trait items as a practical tool for a simple screening test.The contribution rates of the respective five items for the total score were 90.0% for A-State and 88.5% for T-State.The correlation coefficients, r, between predicted and observed values were 0.949(p<0.01)for A-State and 0.940(p<0.01)for A-Trait.Because of certain degrees of validity and reliability of each five-item system, it is considered that this method is useful as a simple screening test to roughly grasp the mental health of subjects and can be utilized for mental health care at offices.

Journal

  • SANGYO EISEIGAKU ZASSHI

    SANGYO EISEIGAKU ZASSHI 40(4), 107-112, 1998

    Japan Society for Occupational Health

References:  12

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110003837180
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10467364
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1341-0725
  • NDL Article ID
    4539946
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS17(科学技術--医学--衛生学・公衆衛生)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-308
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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