災害時の歯科救援活動に関する一考察 : 北海道南西沖地震被災者に対する歯科補綴学的対応と調査から  [in Japanese] Prosthodontic Approach to the Sufferers from the Disaster : Considerations from Prosthodontie Treatments and Questionnaires Obtained after the Strong Earthquake in the Southwest Area of Hokkaido  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 平井 敏博 HIRAI Toshihiro
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 石島 勉 ISHIJIMA Tsutomu
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 越野 寿 KOSHINO Hisashi
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 池田 和博 IKEDA Yasuhiro
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 小西 洋次 KONISHI Yoji
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 昆 邦彦 KON Kunihiko
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 広瀬 哲也 HIROSE Tetsuya
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 金子 寛 KANEKO Hiroshi
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 雪野 英一郎 YUKINO Eiichiro
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 家城 信良 IEKI Nobuyoshi
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 植木 和宏 UEKI Kazuhiro
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 岡部 靖 OKABE Yasushi
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部歯科補綴学第1講座 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido

Abstract

平成5年7月12日に「北海道南西沖地震」が発生し,長期間にわたる避難生活を送る島民の中には,緊急避難時に義歯を紛失した者が多く,不自由な食生活を余儀なくされていた.本研究は,これら被災者に対する義歯補綴処置を中心とした歯科救援活動から,アンケート調査をもとに,災害時における義歯紛失者への対処や緊急援助食料などに関する歯科的問題点および災害発生時の歯科救援活動のあり方について考察した.さらに,3カ月後の予後調査結果をもとに,その使用状況ならびに咀咽機能の回復程度について検討を加えたものである.

A strong earthquake occurred in the southwest area of Hokkaido on July 12, in 1993. Immediately after the earthquake, Okushiri Island, which is near the seismic center, was seriously damaged by a seismic sea wave and a large fire. Edentulous and partially edentulous patients who lost their dentures during the emergency evacuation were treated. Information through questionnaires about dental problems were obtained at the time of the disaster.<BR>The results were as follows:<BR>1. Eating was the most serious problem for persons who lost their dentures.<BR>2. The menu and cooking methods of emergency relief foods were not considered suitable for persons who wore dentures and/or lost their dentures.<BR>3. The results of questionnaires proved that the general public has little knowledge about dentures and/or denture wearers.<BR>4. At the time of a disaster dentists must join as a member of the medical relief team to relieve dental problems or to secure masticatory function when long-term evacuation is predicted.<BR>5. By 3-month follow-up, the dentures constructed and inserted by our team were found to be functioning satisfactorally and our prosthodontic approach was confirmed to be useful.

Journal

  • Nihon Hotetsu Shika Gakkai Zasshi

    Nihon Hotetsu Shika Gakkai Zasshi 39(1), 114-122, 1995-02-01

    The Japan Prosthodontic Society

References:  11

Cited by:  11

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110003858984
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00197911
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    03895386
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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