Involvement of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in the Induction of Genetic Instability by Radiation

Author(s)

    • Kodama Seiji KODAMA Seiji
    • Division of Radiation Biology, Department of Radiology and Radiation Biology, Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Nagasaki University
    • SUZUKI Keiji
    • Division of Radiation Biology, Department of Radiology and Radiation Biology, Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Nagasaki University
    • WATANABE Masami
    • Division of Radiation Biology, Department of Radiology and Radiation Biology, Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Nagasaki University

Abstract

Radiation generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) that interact with cellular molecules, including DNA, lipids, and proteins. To know how ROS contribute to the induction of genetic instability, we examined the effect of the anti-ROS condition, using both ascorbic acid phosphate (APM) treatment or a low oxygen condition, on the induction of delayed reproductive cell death and delayed chromosome aberrations. The primary surviving colonies of mouse m5S-derived cl. 2011-14 cells irradiated with 6 Gy of X-rays were replated and allowed to form secondary colonies. The anti-ROS treatments were applied to either preirradiation culture or postirradiation cultures for primary or secondary colony formation. Both anti-ROS conditions relieved X-ray-induced acute cell killing to a similar extent. These anti-ROS conditions also relieved genetic instability when those conditions were applied during primary colony formation. However, no effect was observed when the conditions were applied during preirradiation culture and secondary colony formation. We also demonstrated that the amounts of ROS in X-ray-irradiated cells rapidly increase and then decrease at 6 hr postirradiation, and the levels of ROS then gradually decrease to a baseline within 2 weeks. The APM treatment kept the ROS production at a lower level than an untreated control. These results suggest that the cause of genetic instability might be fixed by ROS during a 2-week postirradiation period.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Radiation Research

    Journal of Radiation Research 45(2), 181-188, 2004-06-15

    Journal of Radiation Research Editorial Committee

References:  26

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004041014
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00705792
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    04493060
  • NDL Article ID
    7014465
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS45(科学技術--医学--放射線医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-P232
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
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