戦後日本の統計学の発達 : 数量化理論の形成から定着へ  [in Japanese] The Development of Statistics in Japan after the Second World War : The Formation and Dissemination of Hayashi's Quantification Methods (HQM)  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

This paper will overview the history of Hayashi's Quantification Methods (HQM), as a general statistical method and philosophy to obtain scientific information. The Institute of Statistical Mathematics (ISM) was established by the effort of Japanese statistical mathematicians during the Second World War. The postwar reformation of ISM, especially the establishment of the Department of Social Sciences, linked the traditional theories of statistics with practical social survey. As a result of this linkage, a new statistical approach and method known as HQM was formulated by C. Hayashi in 1950s. HQM was employed and extended to various fields, especially Marketing Research and Medical Engineering (ME). The education of HQM at the training school for statistical technicians of ISM also played an important role for HQM to be well received. Conducting a series of studies, statistical researchers gradually formed a new paradigm of statistical research, and it was crystallized as the foundation of Nihon Koudou-keiryo Gakkai (Behaviormetric Society of Japan) in 1973. The history of Hayashi's studies is the development of his statistical philosophy from "Statistical Mathematics" of 1950s to "Behaviormetrics", "Multidimensional Data Analysis" of 1970s-1980s "Data Science" since 1990s. His approach and philosophy has been developed by his successors as "the Behaviormetric Studies of Civilization" as an exemplification of "Data Science".

Journal

  • The Japanese journal of behaviormetrics

    The Japanese journal of behaviormetrics 32(1), 45-67, 2005-03-28

    The Behaviormetric Society of Japan

References:  158

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004045671
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0008437X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    03855481
  • NDL Article ID
    7463842
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学) // ZD43(経済--統計)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-1106
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS 
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