汎アジア循環型社会の構築の可能性 : リサイクルとゴミ輸出 Building Pan-Asian Circulatory Society : Based on an Empirical Study of Waste Exports from Japan and Recycling in the Philippines
The industry and consumption in Asia continually growing and so much so that they cause the waste management problem, although they are fast becoming the world's large economic center. Most of residents in Japan have been involved in recycling and in building circulatory society, however millions of household in Asian region do not have access to satisfactory garbage disposal. Data on waste management is insufficient, and the data that is available is not very accurate in developing countries. While the increasing load of domestic waste, poor implementation of solid waste management led to sanitation problems, especially major cities in Asia. Poor waste manage resulted in the deterioration of the quality of life, even if the income per capita has been growing rapidly. Related to this, preparation and publication of the technical guideline and management control for municipal solid waste disposal and the landfill site identification were carried out to address solid waste disposal problem. Japanese are considering the critical role of local government and resident in the implementation of area-based project within Polluter Pays Principal (PPP), and technologies for recycling on basis that Japanese either recycle a waste back to its original production or they convert a waste to other useable materials. In recent years, we emphasis to build circulatory society in Japan. Although millions of tones of ferrous scrap and more than half of this scrap was recycled in the domestic course of production in steelworks and foundries, they were trapped in increasing recycling cost in addressing solid waste problems and decreasing domestic demand of its material. Hence they have increasing incentives for cutting cost and it lead to export of waste or recycling materials to the rest of the world from Japan. This paper is designed to set out the global scope of resource recovery or recycling and its technology available today's Asia from the viewpoint of a study on the possibility of building Pan-Asian circulatory society under reducing recycling cost. For this purpose, I introduced the research on the garbage dumping site of Manila and small factory-based recycling in the Philippines. The material recycling in the informal sector has been widely spread in Asian developing countries and it helps address the increasing solid waste problems, while the reducing the poor remains one of the most important problems.
- 東海大学紀要. 教養学部
東海大学紀要. 教養学部 34, 61-92, 2004-03-30