近世篠山城下町における住宅形式の特質と町屋敷地の構成 THE STUDIES ON THE TOWN FORM AND THE OLD HOUSES OF OLD CASTLE TOWN IN SASAYAMA
In this study I have explained the features of the form of the castle town, investigating Sasayama castle town in the Edo period, as an example I considered the conditions of the castle towns in the middle of the Edo period by using some allotmented grounds. A summery of this study is given below. 1) There were many areas of town houses with the narrow fronts of the former half of the Edo period. This condition was basically taken over after the middle of the Edo period. Consequently, I think that there were many town houses with the narrow fronts in the former half of Edo period and that they were conspicious in townscape. 2) I understood there are the side gabled town houses and front gabled town houses in Sasayama castle towns in the middle of the Edo period. 3) I suspect the arrangements of rooms were mainly forming a line with three or four rooms in the front gabled town houses. On the other hand, in the side gabled town houses, there were different types of large and small houses. 4) Simultaneously, I can confirm that there were town houses with the projecting ZASIKI which were called the CHUMON. 5) In addition, I understand the CHUMON was the form of town house which was common to the farm house, town house, and Samurai houses. 6) As the form of the side gabled town houses have many structural similarities with that of the front gabled town houses, I can guess both original forms of town houses are the same. 7) From this point, I suspect the original form of both types of town houses is the front gabled type, so I can point out the possibility that the side gabled town houses were derived from the front gabled town houses. From these results, I can say that this town has the important historical town houses which hand down aspects of castle town houses from the Edo period to these days, and I hope various measures will be taken in order to preserve these town houses.
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 411(0), 131-146, 1990