地域公共財の供給メカニズム--カトマンズ盆地サリナディ灌漑システムのケーススタディー [in Japanese] Supply Mechanism of Local Public Goods : A Case study of irrigation canal maintenance in Sankhu Village, Nepal [in Japanese]
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Sankhu, a village situated in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, relies on agriculture. Farmers in Sankhu have recently started taking multiple crops, including cash crops such as potatoes, and have gradually been changing from subsistence to commercial farming. Irrigation has been very critical in brining this change. The paper presents results of farm survey on irrigation canal maintenance activity in Sankhu, focusing particularly on how it is done. In absence of water users association (WUA), an informal association organized by a progressive farmer was found to be effective in maintaining the canal. This finding deviates with the findings of previous studies and basic understanding that formal institutions like WUA is necessary to organize canal maintenance. In the study area, role of a farmer at the tail-end of the irrigation system with most of his plots far from canal was found to be critical in maintaining canal. The farmers of the head-end, with obvious advantage, were found to be rather inactive in canal maintenance.
- The Review of agricultural economics, Hokkaido University
The Review of agricultural economics, Hokkaido University 60, 1-18, 2004