Effects of Sintering Temperature Over 1,300℃ on the Physical and Compositional Properties of Porous Hydroxyapatite Foam

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Author(s)

    • MUNAR Melvin L.
    • Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University
    • UDOH Koh-ichi
    • Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University
    • ISHIKAWA Kunio
    • Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University
    • MATSUYA Shigeki
    • Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University

Abstract

Porous hydroxyapatite (HAP) foam permits three-dimensional (3D) structure with fully interconnecting pores as well as excellent tissue response and good osteoconductivity. It is therefore thought to be a good candidate as scaffold material for bone regeneration and as a synthetic bone substitute material. To fabricate better porous HAP foam, improved physical and structural properties as well as higher osteoconductivity are desired. In the present study, the effects of sintering temperature on the physical and compositional properties of porous HAP foam were evaluated by employing high sintering temperature starting at 1,300°C up to 1,550°C. The mechanical strength of porous HAP foam increased with sintering temperature to reach the maximum value at 1,525°C, then decreased slightly when sintering temperature was further increased to 1,550°C. Alpha tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) was formed, and thus the porous HAP foam became biphasic calcium phosphate. Biphasic calcium phosphate consisting of both α-TCP and HAP had been reported to show higher osteoconductivity than HAP alone. We therefore recommend 1,500-1,550°C as the sintering temperature for porous HAP foam since this condition provided the most desirable physical properties with biphasic calcium phosphate composition.

Journal

  • Dental Materials Journal

    Dental Materials Journal 25(1), 51-58, 2006-03-01

    The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices

References:  31

Cited by:  7

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004498256
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10443149
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    02874547
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NII-ELS  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
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