分裂自動詞性の本性について : 言語類型論の観点から見た非対格仮説とその問題点 The True Nature of Split Intransitives : The unaccusative hypothesis as viewed from a typological perspective and the problems related to it

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抄録

The goal of this paper is to explicate the true nature of split intransitives. To achieve this goal we explored the experiential basis of the unaccusative hypothesis and arrived at the following conclusions: 1. The passive, including the impersonal passive and adversative passive, is primarily based on the activity verbs (S_a=A) and undergoes generalization accommodating change of state verbs (S_p=P) verbs as well (Cf. Shibatani 1998). 2. The causative alternation is primarily based on change of state verbs (S_p=P) and undergoes generalization accommodating the activity verbs (S_a=A)(Cf.Shibatani & Pardeshi 2002). 3. The split intransitive system in active languages is based on at least two different semantic criteria (Cf. Mithun 1991). From the results mentioned above we propose the following claims: 4. The behaviour of the intransitives is not a dichotomy as envisaged by the unaccusative hypothesis. The groupings are non-homogeneous and form a continuum rather than a dichotomy. Further, the size of each group varies from one language to another. In order to capture these facts we propose the following terms: Semantic Nominative-accusative system and Semantic Ergative-absolutive system. These terms are precisely defined and introduced drawing a systematic parallel with the casemaking systems. 5. In relation to 3 above, developing the proposal of Mithun (1991), we propose a "speaker's viewpoint" parameter related to the origination of a state of affairs. Even in the active languages, we do not find the ideal active-inactive dichotomy pattern as envisaged by the unaccusative hypothesis. We claim that the "speaker's viewpoint" parameter proposed herein varies from one language to another and therefore the so-called universal, single parameter based unaccusative hypothesis is in fact not universal.

収録刊行物

  • 大阪大学大学院文学研究科紀要

    大阪大学大学院文学研究科紀要 45, A19-A58, 2005-03-20

    大阪大学

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110004614076
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11430583
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • ISSN
    13453548
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8026857
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z22-276
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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