分裂自動詞性の本性について--言語類型論の観点から見た非対格仮説とその問題点  [in Japanese] The True Nature of Split Intransitives : The unaccusative hypothesis as viewed from a typological perspective and the problems related to it  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

The goal of this paper is to explicate the true nature of split intransitives. To achieve this goal we explored the experiential basis of the unaccusative hypothesis and arrived at the following conclusions: 1. The passive, including the impersonal passive and adversative passive, is primarily based on the activity verbs (S_a=A) and undergoes generalization accommodating change of state verbs (S_p=P) verbs as well (Cf. Shibatani 1998). 2. The causative alternation is primarily based on change of state verbs (S_p=P) and undergoes generalization accommodating the activity verbs (S_a=A)(Cf.Shibatani & Pardeshi 2002). 3. The split intransitive system in active languages is based on at least two different semantic criteria (Cf. Mithun 1991). From the results mentioned above we propose the following claims: 4. The behaviour of the intransitives is not a dichotomy as envisaged by the unaccusative hypothesis. The groupings are non-homogeneous and form a continuum rather than a dichotomy. Further, the size of each group varies from one language to another. In order to capture these facts we propose the following terms: Semantic Nominative-accusative system and Semantic Ergative-absolutive system. These terms are precisely defined and introduced drawing a systematic parallel with the casemaking systems. 5. In relation to 3 above, developing the proposal of Mithun (1991), we propose a "speaker's viewpoint" parameter related to the origination of a state of affairs. Even in the active languages, we do not find the ideal active-inactive dichotomy pattern as envisaged by the unaccusative hypothesis. We claim that the "speaker's viewpoint" parameter proposed herein varies from one language to another and therefore the so-called universal, single parameter based unaccusative hypothesis is in fact not universal.

Journal

  • Memoirs of the Graduate School of Letters, Osaka University

    Memoirs of the Graduate School of Letters, Osaka University 45, 19-58, 2005-03

    Graduate School of Letters, Osaka University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004614076
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11430583
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • ISSN
    1345-3548
  • NDL Article ID
    8026857
  • NDL Call No.
    Z22-276
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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