フランス南西部地域都市広場形態についての考察 : 2004年第17回海外都市広場調査報告 The Report on the Form of City Squares in Southwest France : The Field Survey on City Squares in Foreign Countries No.17
We carried out the European city square investigation in 2004. This survey supplemented the investigation of No.15 in which 3 'Bastides' are reported. There exist a lot of 'Bastides' which the English and French armed forces built in the 13th century that developed into cities. In this investigation the authors researched the squares of 34 cities limited to southwest France driving a total of 2,789km. Among 34 cities, 31 cities originated from medieval 'Bastides'. The initial scale of the cities was all small, and the typical type of 'Bastide' was composed of a square at the center of the city. The researchers classified the extant squares of 34 'Bastides' (31 in this report plus 3 in the previous) into 5 types. The most common types, 1 and 2, contain 'la Halle' which means a marketplace at the center of a square. Types 3 and 4 are open spaces without 'la Halle' and a church is adjacent to or outside of the square. In type 5, miscellaneous squares other than those considered to belong to types 1 through 4 are shown.
- 學苑 = GAKUEN
學苑 = GAKUEN 777, 21-44, 2005-07-01