アート作品の協働的な制作過程 : プロのアーティストによる幼稚園でのワークショップの場合 Collaborative Production Process of Artwork : Analyzing a Professional Artist's Workshop in a Kindergarten.
This paper studied how the process of collaborative art production developed in a professional artist's workshop for children. The focus of the study was to examine the role of the artist's and other adults' behavior to stimulate the children's art production. The target of the study was 7-day art workshop held by the world famous installation artist Tadashi Kawamata in a kindergarten in Gifu prefecture, in which the artist and children, helped by other adults, built a construction named "Kichi", or "the Base", and many small objects decorated in Kichi. Two cases were taken up and their video records were analyzed. In the case 1, 8 children were observed while they were making small wooden decorations with one of their teachers and one of Kawamata's students. In the case 2, one class of children were observed while they were building house like construction in their classroom, in which Kawamata intervened and affected their course of production. The results showed that the process of their production can be schematized as a circular repetition of "proposal" and "adoption" or "rejection". Three modes of proposal were identified. Among them, the most important from this study's interest was the introduction of the resources for production, only done by adults. This type of proposal opened up the children's new courses of production behavior, which were unexpected even by adults who made the proposal. The implication of this proposal was discussed, using Wartofsky's (1979) analysis of art as tertiary artifacts. (Waseda Journal of Human Sciences, 18 (1) : 51-65, 2005)
人間科学研究 18(1), 51-65, 2005-03-25