姿勢の研究  [in Japanese] A Study of Postures  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

姿勢は,ノンバーバル行動のひとつのチャネルであるが,対人的態度の手かかりだけでなく,治療場面においても注目されている.姿勢の機能的作用,すなわち,姿勢が意識性に影響を及ぼすということが,これまでの研究で明らかにされてきた.本研究は,意識性に影響を及ぼすと思われる姿勢と音楽とを組み合わせた場合にどのような変化がみられるかを検討した.姿勢は,仰向け、座位,うつ向きの3種類であった.音楽は,軽快な曲と沈んだ感じの曲の2曲で,条件は全部で3×2の6種類であった.それぞれについて,17対の形容詞で意識性を7点尺度で評定した.分散分析の結果,音楽条件,姿勢条件に有意な差がみられ,音楽によっても,姿勢によっても意識性が変化することが示された.うつ向き姿勢は,音楽条件によらず他の姿勢よりも,弱々しく,生気がなく,沈んだ,愁いを帯びた,暗い意識性を示した.

Posture is one of nonverbal behavior and is observed not only in the field of interpersonal communication but in the clinical situation. Our recent research showed that a posture had effects on one's awareness. Subjects changed their awareness in case of assuming some posture. A posture make a suitable mood or awareness. This study investigated up that the combination of 3 postures and 2 musics made subjects change in their awareness. Three sorts of postures were as follows: to lay on his back, to sit in a natural position on the chair and to hang his head bending his back. Two kiuds of music were a rhythmical music and a blue one. In six experimental conditions, subjects estimated their mood and awareness for 17 pairs of adjectives at 7 points scale. As the result of ANOVA, there were significant differences in postural and music conditions. Especially, the posture in which subjects hanged their head and bended their back was more feeble, lifeless, blue, and shadowy than any other postures in mood and awareness, regardless of music conditions.

Journal

  • Waseda studies in human sciences

    Waseda studies in human sciences 第2巻(第1号), 75-81, 1989

    Waseda University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004631436
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10017073
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • ISSN
    0916-0396
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  IR 
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