Occurrence of Hyperon Superfluidity in Neutron Star Cores Occurrence of Hyperon Superfluidity in Neutron Star Cores

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Abstract

Superfluidity of Λ and Σ^- admixed in neutron star (NS) cores is investigated realistically for hyperon (Y)-mixed NS models obtained using a G-matrix-based effective interaction approach. Numerical results for the equation of state (EOS) with the mixing ratios of the respective components and the hyperon energy gaps including the temperature dependence are presented. These are meant to serve as physical inputs for Y-cooling calculations of NSs. By paying attention to the uncertainties of the EOS and the YY interactions, it is shown that both Λ and Σ^- are superfluid as soon as they appear although the magnitude of the critical temperature and the density region where superfluidity exists depend considerably on the YY pairing potential. Considering momentum triangle condition and the occurrence of superfluidity, it is found that a so-called "hyperon cooling" (neutrino-emission from direct Urca process including Y) combined with Y-superfluidity may be able to account for observations of the colder class of NSs. It is remarked that Λ-hyperons play a decisive role in the hyperon cooling scenario. Some comments are given regarding the consequences of the less attractive ΛΛ interaction recently suggested by the "NAGARA event" _<Λ^^6Λ>He.

Superfluidity of Λ and Σ^- admixed in neutron star (NS) cores is investigated realistically for hyperon (Y)-mixed NS models obtained using a G-matrix-based effective interaction approach. Numerical results for the equation of state (EOS) with the mixing ratios of the respective components and the hyperon energy gaps including the temperature dependence are presented. These are meant to serve as physical inputs for Y-cooling calculations of NSs. By paying attention to the uncertainties of the EOS and the YY interactions, it is shown that both Λ and Σ^- are superfluid as soon as they appear although the magnitude of the critical temperature and the density region where superfluidity exists depend considerably on the YY pairing potential. Considering momentum triangle condition and the occurrence of superfluidity, it is found that a so-called "hyperon cooling" (neutrino-emission from direct Urca process including Y) combined with Y-superfluidity may be able to account for observations of the colder class of NSs. It is remarked that Λ-hyperons play a decisive role in the hyperon cooling scenario. Some comments are given regarding the consequences of the less attractive ΛΛ interaction recently suggested by the "NAGARA event" _<Λ^^6Λ>He.

Journal

  • Progress of Theoretical Physics

    Progress of Theoretical Physics 115(2), 355-379, 2006-02-25

    Progress of Theoretical Physics

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004656472
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00791455
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    0033068X
  • NDL Article ID
    7831771
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZM35(科学技術--物理学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-A468
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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