俊成歌論研究--景気と余情 [in Japanese] A Study of Shunzei's (俊成) Critical View of Waka Poems [in Japanese]
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The present article aims to make an inquiry into the essential point in Shunzei Fujihara's (藤原)O critical view of waka poems, and to make clear its unique significance from a historical standpoint of criticism of waka poems. It would not be too much to say that the recent trend in the studies of Shunzei's critical view of waka poems is, as has been pointed out typically in some studies of 'yugen' (幽玄), towards an aesthetical study. The present writer, however, contends that the most important problem in Shunzei's critical view lies in methodology of expression rather than in aesthetics, and suggests, therefore, that the direction of approach should be changed; and, to support his new approach expounded here, he draws sufficient evidence mainly on 'Korai futei sho' (古来風體抄), Shunzei's leading work. As the result, if he is to choose a term which indicates happily the core of Shunzei's ideas, the present writer proposes that the term should be 'keiki' (景気), not 'yugen'. Now, apropos of 'keiki', most students do not seem to take much interest in the term, but simply dismiss it as the synonym for 'yosei' (余情). But so far as Shunzei is concerned, it must be pointed out that 'yosei' is a term which denotes quite a different thing from what is meant by 'keiki', and accordingly he distinguishes between these two terms. 'Keiki' is the term which Shunzei adopted first. Our writer, however, will be obliged to mention 'yosei' before everything if he is to give any term to be placed under the same category as 'keiki' before Shunzei. Accordingly, in order to locate Shunzei's thought in the history of critical views of waka poems, it is essential to pay attention to the history of the theories of 'yosei', to compare Shunzei's ideas with them, and clarify their relation. The necessary materials will be found in 'Wakatei jyusshu' (和歌體十種), 'Kuhon waka' (九品和歌), and also in 'hanji' (判詞) of 'utaawase' (歌合) by 'Mototoshi' (基俊) and 'Kenjo' (顕昭) etc. Inquiry into these materials also constitutes one of the important features of the present article.
- Memoirs of the Faculty of Letters, Osaka University
Memoirs of the Faculty of Letters, Osaka University (8), 1-75, 1961-11
Faculty of Letters, Osaka University