Mediterranean Joyce Meditates on Buddha
Joyce learned much about Buddhism when he lived in Trieste and referred to it in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Ulysses and Finnegans Wake . Buddhism and Oriental pacifism were concepts that interested Joyce, especially in his Triestine days around World War I. He appears to have learned Buddhism through Theosophy in his early days. This paper aims to discuss how Buddhism influenced Joyce's works. Joyce attempted to absorb all kinds of religious and philosophical teachings and parodied many in his texts. In 1903. Joyce wrote a review of H. Fielding-Hall's The Soul of a People , in which he conveyed a romantic view of Hall's version of Burmese Buddhism as "a wise passive philosophy" and sympathized with Buddhist methods of non-violence and pacifism. One major source of Joyce's Buddhist allusions was Henry S. Olcott's The Buddhist Catechism (1881). Joyce's copy of the book was dated May 7, 1901. Although the book remained popular and authoritative in his day, it cannot be regarded as a reliable Buddhist handbook because it preaches an occultist version of Buddhism or Theosophy. There are numerous allusions to Buddhism in Joyce's works. In this paper I reinterpret Joyce's Triestine works, especially Ulysses, using The Buddhist Catechism and Mme Blavatsky's Isis Unveiled mainly.
言語と文化 5, 53-64, 2003-01-31