旧制中学校の校友会における生徒自治の側面--校友会規則の分析を中心に [in Japanese] The Aspect of Self-government by Students in Junior High School in Prewar Japan : From the Analysis of the Rules of Koyukai [in Japanese]
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I attempt to examine self-government by students in koyukai (student-teacher association in schools in prewar Japan) by analyzing the rules of koyukai in junior high school. Self-government by students in koyukai has not fully examined. Surely, teachers had powers over students in koyukai. The chairman was a principal, and the club managers were teachers. Student officers had to follow the teachers. The chairman had great power over the meeting. In these points, the system of koyukai was contrary to self-government by students. But self-government by students was seen in several points. Students participated in enacting rules of koyukai, and deciding the budget. They elected their own officers. But these self-government activities did not fully develop, because the word of ""jichi"" (self-government in Japanese) meant mainly order or discipline, and koyukai was functioned as an organization to control students.
- Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, the University of Tokyo
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, the University of Tokyo 43, 1-13, 2003
The University of Tokyo