生演奏が生体とこころに及ぼす影響  [in Japanese] Effects of live music on the mind and body  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

音楽が生体とこころに良い結果を及ぼすことは衆知の事実であり,この影響について生演奏を聴いた前後の血圧・脈拍・皮膚表面温度・こころの変化によって明らかにすることを目的とした。対象は本学の公開講座「音楽による癒し」のサックスとピアノ演奏・歌唱を聴いた参加者。自動血圧計による演奏前後の血圧・脈拍を計測した24名,サーモグラフを用いて演奏経過による顔面皮膚表面温度を計測した5名,調査に回答した78名である。結果は,演奏を聴いた後が演奏前より血圧が低下は約70%,脈拍数の減少約90%であった。収縮期血圧の12.OmmHg低下と脈拍数8.7回/分減少とに有意差があった。演奏前収縮期血圧が高い者は血圧低下が大きい。皮膚表面温度の変化は,前半と後半の演奏とも皮膚表面温度が約2℃上昇していた。こころに及ぼす影響は,演奏前にこころの緊張状態にある者が約半数を占め,苛立ち>不眠>憂鬱>苦痛>不安の順であった。演奏後に気持ちが変化したと答えた者が8割あり,その変化はリラックスできた,楽しかった,感動した・感銘を受けた,心が落ち着いた,気持ちがほぐれた,心豊かになった,肩こりが軽くなったなどであった。生演奏を聴くことで血圧・脈拍が低下し,体温が上昇し,こころの緊張が緩和されることが実証できた。

Music has positive effects on the mind and body, and the objective of the present study was to confirm these effects by measuring blood pressure, pulse rate and skin surface temperature and by conducting a written survey. Subjects were students who participated in an open lecture at our university titled: "Healing by music", with the music consisting of live saxophone, piano and singing. Before and after the concert, an automatic blood-pressure manometer was used to measure blood pressure and pulse rate in 24 students; thermography was performed to assess changes in facial skin temperature in 5 students; and a written survey was conducted to ascertain psychological changes in 78 students. Live music had the following effects on the body: blood pressure decreased in about 70% of the students, and pulse rate decreased in about 90% of the students. The decrease in systolic blood pressure and pulse rate was significant (The decrease in systolic blood pressure is about 12.0mmHg and the decrease in pulse rate about 8.7 times/minute) was significant, and for students with high systolic blood pressure before the concert, the decrease was greater than other students. Regarding effects of live music on the mind, about half of the students answered that they experienced some psychological stress before the concert: irritation was most common, followed by insomnia, blues, pain and anxiety, in that order. After the concert, 80% of the students answered that they felt differently than before, i.e., feeling more relaxed, happy, elated, calm, peaceful, or tranquil or having milder shoulder stiffness. The results of the present study confirm that listening to live music heals the mind and body by adjusting blood pressure, pulse rate and body temperature and by reducing psychological stress.

Journal

  • Integrated studies in nursing science

    Integrated studies in nursing science 5(2), 42-53, 2004-03

    Hiroshima Bunka Gakuen University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004687482
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11499896
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13460692
  • NDL Article ID
    7361394
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-C130
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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