Materials Viewpoint of Organic Superconductors

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Abstract

Since the first discovery of an organic superconductor, TMTSF<SUB>2</SUB>PF<SUB>6</SUB> (TMTSF = tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene) with the superconducting transition temperature (<I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB>)=0.9 K under 12 kbar, by the suppression of spin density wave (SDW) state, approximately 120 organic superconductors have been found. Among them, the highest <I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB> is 14.2 K under 82 kbar for β′-(BEDT-TTF)<SUB>2</SUB>ICl<SUB>2</SUB> [BEDT-TTF = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene]. Organic superconductors are categorized into three groups. (1) A superconducting (SC) state neighbors the SDW state, and appears by the suppression of the SDW state to afford a <I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB> below 1 K. (2) Another SC state is competitive with a nonmagnetic insulating state induced by anion ordering, charge density wave (CDW), or charge ordering, afford a <I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB> below 2 K. (3) Yet another SC state is next to an antiferromagnetic (AF) order to afford a <I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB> up to 14 K under an ambient condition or a pressurized condition. In this article, organic superconductors are reviewed on the basis of a variety of molecules, and finally, recent novel organic superconductors (MDT-TS)(AuI<SUB>2</SUB>)<SUB>0.441</SUB> [MDT-TS = 5<I>H</I>-2-(1,3-diselenol-2-ylidene)-1,3,4,6-tetrathiapentalene] obtained by suppression with an incommensurate AF state and β-(<I>meso</I>-DMBEDT-TTF)<SUB>2</SUB>I<SUB>3</SUB> [DMBEDT-TTF = dimethylbis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene] in competition with a checkerboard-type charge-ordered (CO) state, are introduced.

Journal

  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

    Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 75(5), "51003-1"-"51003-15", 2006-05-15

    The Physical Society of Japan (JPS)

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004702293
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00704814
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00319015
  • NDL Article ID
    7907635
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZM35(科学技術--物理学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-A404
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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