Fish Collections, Fish Diversity, and Ichthyological Research in Korea(Part One Collection Building)
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Since 1892 when Herzenstein described for the first time the cyprinid fish Pungtungia herzi as a new species from Korea, many freshwater fishes were scientifically reported by European and American ichthyologists to 1910. During the period of control by Japan (1910-1945), two Japanese ichthyologists, Tamezo Mori and Keitaro Uchida, conspicuously contributed to the ichthyological knowledge of Korea. Mori described many new species of freshwater fishes and reported 824 species in his checklist of fishes of Korea. Uchida published the book "The Fishes of Tyosen (Korea)", which provided detailed descriptions for 80 species in the orders Cypriniformes and Siluriformes. Although Yak-Jeon Jeong (1758-1816) published the first book on Korean fishes, "The Jasan Eobo (Fishes of the Huksan Island)" in 1814, it was written wholly in Chinese characters. Moon-Ki Chyung (1898-1995), well known as a famous fisheries scientist in Korea, published the illustrated book of the fishes in Korea. Ki-Chul Choi (1910-2002) investigated the distribution patterns of freshwater fishes in Korea and published many papers and books on that topic. After the Ichthyological Society of Korea was established in 1989 in Korea, contribution to the ichthyology of Korea increased slightly through publication of the Korean Journal of Ichthyology. The number of fish taxa in Korea is estimated as 1,083 species in 211 families and 42 orders including 212 freshwater fishes. There is no National Natural History Museum in Korea as yet, but there will be one established in the near future. Limited numbers of fish specimens have been preserved at the National Science Museum (NSM) in Daejeon and the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI) in Busan. These institutions are mainly concerned with applied sciences such as technology and exhibition. Most large collections are housed in fish collections curated by the staff of several universities located throughout the country.
- National Science Museum monographs
National Science Museum monographs 24, 115-121, 2004
National Science Museum