真言五祖像の修復と嵯峨天皇 : 左大将公苑て空海書状の検討を中心に  [in Japanese] Restoration of the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs and Emperor Saga : Focusing on Kukai's Letter Addressed to the Left Chief of the Guards  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

The original Portraits of the Five Patriarchs of the Shingon Buddhism that Kukai brought back from Tang have been handed down in Toji Temple. With the portraits of Ryumo and Ryuchi newly added in Japan in the 12th year of Konin (821), the portraits of the seven patriarchs were completed. It is generally believed that the inscriptions on the seven portraits were handwritten by Kukai, but there were some doubts about it in the old days. In this paper, based on the study of the historical research works, we support the opinion that the biographies on the four patriarchs (Ryumo, Ryuchi, Zenmui, and Ichigyo) out of the seven were not written by Kukai. On the other hand, in the collection of Kukai's letters, 'the Koya Collection of Letters', is the letter concerning the restoration of the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs. The letter addressed to the Left Chief of the Guards (Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu) is the one. It has been believed that the letter was written around the 6th year of Konin (815), but based on our study, it has been made clear that it was written around the 12th year of Konin. In this letter, Kukai requested Emperor Saga to restore the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs, and at the same time, he requested the emperor to write the biographies on the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs following the historical fact about the Emperor of Tang Dynasty. It is highly possible that the Emperor wrote them to reply to Kukai's request. So it can be considered that the inscriptions on the fourpatriarchs, in a different handwriting from Kukai's, should have been written by Emperor Saga.

The original Portraits of the Five Patriarchs of the Shingon Buddhism that Kukai brought back from Tang have been handed down in Toji Temple. With the portraits of Ryumo and Ryuchi newly added in Japan in the 12th year of Konin (821), the portraits of the seven patriarchs were completed. It is generally believed that the inscriptions on the seven portraits were handwritten by Kukai, but there were some doubts about it in the old days. In this paper, based on the study of the historical research works, we support the opinion that the biographies on the four patriarchs (Ryumo, Ryuchi, Zenmui, and Ichigyo) out of the seven were not written by Kukai. On the other hand, in the collection of Kukai's letters, 'the Koya Collection of Letters', is the letter concerning the restoration of the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs. The letter addressed to the Left Chief of the Guards (Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu) is the one. It has been believed that the letter was written around the 6th year of Konin (815), but based on our study, it has been made clear that it was written around the 12th year of Konin. In this letter, Kukai requested Emperor Saga to restore the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs, and at the same time, he requested the emperor to write the biographies on the Portraits of the Five Patriarchs following the historical fact about the Emperor of Tang Dynasty. It is highly possible that the Emperor wrote them to reply to Kukai's request. So it can be considered that the inscriptions on the fourpatriarchs, in a different handwriting from Kukai's, should have been written by Emperor Saga.

Journal

  • Bulletin of the Institute of Oriental and Occidental studies, Kansai University

    Bulletin of the Institute of Oriental and Occidental studies, Kansai University 38, A1-A23, 2005-04-01

    Kansai University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110004709751
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0004709X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    02878151
  • NDL Article ID
    7739505
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZV1(一般学術誌--一般学術誌・大学紀要)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z22-571
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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