アジアの環境問題における「後発性の不利益」と日本の経験--水俣市、北九州市の事例からの考察 [in Japanese] The "Disadvantage of Backwardness" in Environmental Problems in Asia and Japanese Experience [in Japanese]
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In recent years, serious environmental problems have emerged in the Asian region, accompanying rapid economic growth. But, environmental regulations are not always functioning well in present Asian countries, in spite of established environmental legal systems and a high degree of environmental awareness among the people. These countries can not create the conditions for taking such advantage of environmental problem-solving. In this article, I will refer the factors which complicate responses to environmental problems as the "disadvantages of backwardness". I think that the disadvantages mainly contain two factors, the need for a simultaneous response to environmental problems and the delay on professional expertise development. Coping with such disadvantages, we can refer Japanese experience of environmental regulations in past 50 years. It is no doubt that there is a large difference in historical and regional conditions between present Asian countries and past Japan. So, we will use the Japanese lesson, while it is necessary to consider such difference. In this article, I analyze two Japanese cases, first one is prohibition of catching and eating fish and shellfishes in Kumamoto Minamata Disease problem, second one is regulation of SOx in Kitakyushu-city, and take some lesson for coping with environmental problems in present Asia.
- Studies in humanities
Studies in humanities 56(1), 23-43, 2005